100 Living Geniuses (Oct 07)Saturday, 02 April 2011 02:28
British brains dominate list of living geniusesBy Aislinn Simpson, The Telegraph, 30 October 2007
Britain has more living geniuses per head of population than anywhere else in the world, according to a new survey which reveals the country's influence on science, technology, business and the arts.
Almost a quarter of those featured in the list of 100 living geniuses are Britons, including Sir Tim Berners-Lee, who invented the world wide web, in joint first place, and physicist Stephen Hawking at seven in the list.
British artists and musicians feature heavily, including Brit Art leader Damien Hirst at number 15, poet Seamus Heaney at 26, playwright Harold Pinter at 31, Sir Paul McCartney at 58, David Bowie at 67, Harry Potter author JK Rowling at 83 and filmmaker Ken Russell at 100.
Sir Richard Branson, the head of Virgin Group, at 49, chimpanzee expert Jane Goodall, at 58, and psychologist Dorothy Rowe, at 72, also made the list. With 24 Britons in the list, the country has generated one living genius per 2.5 million people – a higher proportion than any other country.
The list, compiled by a panel of six experts in creativity and innovation, is jointly topped by Sir Tim and Albert Hofmann, the Swiss scientist who created the drug LSD.
They are followed by George Soros, the American financier and philanthropist, Matt Groening, creator of The Simpsons and Nelson Mandela, the former South African president.
There are also some surprise entrants. Osama Bin Laden ranks at number 43, a spot he shares with Bill Gates, the Microsoft founder and Mohammed Ali, the former world heavyweight boxing champion
The Americans have 43 geniuses on the list – one per 6.9 million people.
Creators Synectics, a global consultants firm, chose their geniuses by awarding scores out of 10 to each entrant against a number of factors: paradigm shifting; popular acclaim; intellectual power; achievement and cultural importance. The firm emailed 4,000 Britons this summer and asked them to nominate up to 10 living people who they considered geniuses.
They received back 1,100 nominations for individuals in all walks of life, more than 60 per cent of whom were either American or English. Only 60 per cent were still alive.
The panel was then charged with ranking the list in order of genius and to present a resulting shortlist of 100, who were then scored against the five factors.
Nigel Clarke, a managing partner of Synectics UK & Europe, said: "Many people argue that a genius can be defined by their contribution, where it turns conventional thinking on its head.
"I think that Albert Hoffman and Tim Berners-Lee have this in common with the great geniuses of the past.
''Both of them have, in their own way, turned the world that we live in upside down. And it may be that alone that accounts for their acclamation as the world's greatest living geniuses."
|1=||Tim Berners-Lee||(British)||Computer Scientist||27|
|3||George Soros||(American)||Investor & Philanthropist||25|
|4||Matt Groening||(American)||Satirist & Animator||24|
|5=||Nelson Mandela||(South African)||Politician & Diplomat||23|
|7=||Dario Fo||(Italian)||Writer & Dramatist||22|
|12=||Li Hongzhi||(Chinese)||Spiritual Leader||20|
|15=||Daniel Tammet||(British)||Savant & Linguist||19|
|20=||Richard Dawkins||(British)||Biologist and philosopher||16|
|20=||Larry Page & Sergey Brin||(American)||Publishers||16|
|25||Garry Kasparov||(Russian)||Chess Player||15|
|26=||The Dalai Lama||(Tibetan)||Spiritual Leader||14|
|26=||Steven Spielberg||(American)||Film maker||14|
|26=||Robert Edwards||(British)||Pioneer of IVF treatment||14|
|31||Harold Pinter||(British)||Writer & Dramatist||13|
|32=||Bobby Fischer||(American)||Chess Player||12|
|32=||Avram Noam Chomski||(American)||Philosopher & linguist||12|
|32=||Sebastian Thrun||(German)||Probabilistic roboticist||12|
|32=||Nima Arkani Hamed||(Canadian)||Physicist||12|
|40=||Enrique Ostrea||(Philippino)||Pediatrics & neonatology||11|
|43=||Osama Bin Laden||(Saudi)||Islamicist||10|
|43=||James West||(American)||Invented the foil electrical microphone||10|
|43=||Tuan Vo-Dinh||(Vietnamese)||Bio-Medical Scientist||10|
|49=||Stevie Wonder||(American)||Singer songwriter||9|
|49=||Vint Cerf||(American)||Computer scientist||9|
|49=||Henry Kissinger||(American)||Diplomat and politician||9|
|49=||Pardis Sabeti||(Iranian)||Biological anthropologist||9|
|49=||Jon de Mol||(Dutch)||Television producer||9|
|58=||John Lasseter||(American)||Digital Animator||8|
|58=||Shunpei Yamazaki||(Japanese)||Computer scientist & physicist||8|
|58=||Jane Goodall||(British)||Ethologist & Anthropologist||8|
|58=||Kirti Narayan Chaudhuri||(Indian)||Historian||8|
|58=||Leonard Cohen||(American)||Poet & musician||8|
|67=||Steve Wozniak||(American)||Engineer and co-founder of Apple Computers||7|
|67=||Martin Cooper||(American)||Inventor of the cell phone||7|
|72=||George Lucas||(American)||Film maker||6|
|72=||Annette Baier||(New Zealander)||Philosopher||6|
|72=||Ivan Marchuk||(Ukrainian)||Artist & sculptor||6|
|72=||Mark Dean||(American)||Inventor & computer scientist||6|
|72=||Rick Rubin||(American)||Musician & producer||6|
|83=||Jon Fosse||(Norwegian)||Writer & dramatist|
|83=||Graham Linehan||(Irish)||Writer & dramatist||5|
|83=||Ken Russell||(British)||Film maker||5|
|83=||Mikhail Timofeyevich Kalashnikov||(Russian)||Small arms designer||5|
|91=.||Chad Varah||(British)||Founder of Samaritans||4|
|91=||Nicolas Hayek||(Swiss)||Businessman and founder of Swatch||4|
|94=||Thomas A. Jackson||(American)||Aerospace engineer||3|
|94=||Michael Eavis||(British)||Organiser of Glastonbury||3|